You surely know that a transshipment station is also referred to as goods station. Not only are the goods shipped or received here, but they are also reloaded on their transport route between the railway and another means of transportation such as a ship or a truck. Since the major part of the goods is transported in containers, a transshipment station is also often called container terminal.
In Germany, most of the transshipment stations are run by the Deutsche Umschlaggesellschaft Schiene-Straße (DUSS), which is a subsidiary of the Deutsche Bahn. It maintains a total of 22 of these installations in Germany. The eleven biggest of those terminals are able to simultaneously dispatch at least four freight trains measuring more than 600 m in length.
A transshipment station is divided in different areas. The transshipment platforms are located centrally. Next to them, there is a storage area and a traffic area for trucks. Furthermore, there are entry, exit and bypass tracks for the freight trains. The unit loads are transshipped horizontally by means of floor transport machines or vertically by portal cranes.
Since 1992, next to the Munich-Riem station there is one of the largest transshipment stations of Germany. Over time, it has been expanded and is now able to dispatch 350,000 to 400,000 TEU.
Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit (abbreviated: TEU, in German: Standardcontainer) is an internationally standardised unit for counting ISO containers of different sizes and for describing the loading capacity of ships and of the dispatch of terminals in container transportation.
Märklin Start up also features a container terminal (item no. 72452). The trolley can be moved manually. It is equipped with a device with which the containers can be lifted and lowered for loading. In this way, you are your own loadmaster. The entire overhead crane runs on wheels and can be moved.