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Railway stations

In the last issue you read about the hierarchy of regional and long-distance train stations. Now, we go ahead with a very interesting aspect. Let's discuss the naming.
 

THE NAMING

The train stations are mostly named after towns or districts where they are located. However, after incorporations or renaming, also historical names can remain unchanged.

In towns with several train stations, they were partially distinguished according to the railway route or the railway company to which they belonged. Colloquially, the north and south wing of the Munich central station are still called Starnberg station and Holzkirchen station respectively. There are or were similar name forms also in many other countries. In rural areas sometimes there are double names for the common train station of two towns.





















 

In the last issue you got to know about many interesting facts about the history of trains stations. Today, it is about the distinction between stopping point and train stations as well as about the so-called operational hierarchy.

THE HIERARCHY

If there are several train station in one place, and one of them is or used to be superordinate in terms of operation, this one is often called central station. This station mostly – but not necessarily – is located centrally in that place and is easily accessible, in particular as important connection hub for the different rail traffic lines and the local public transport.

REGIONAL TRAIN STATION

These are train stations where in Germany only regional rail transport trains arrive (SPNV). In Switzerland, these are train stations where exclusively regional train types arrive. In Austria, on the other hand, these are train stations where exclusively regional and suburban trains arrive, as well as trains of other local public transport railway companies.

LONG-DISTANCE TRAIN STATION

Train stations, where long-distance passenger train types (SPFV) or the Inter City traffic stops. Central stations are mostly also long-distance train stations as they concentrate the passenger flow conveniently. Larger cities often have more than one long-distance train station. On the other hand, it is also possible that train stations that are easy to access outside the metropolises become long-distance train stations. With a few limited exceptions, at long-distance train stations also local transport train types can be found for they provide shuttle services for the long-distance trains.

All aboard: RAILWAY STATIONS

You have surely been already been at a railway station. It's particularly at the large railway stations where a lot is going on. However, what was the reason for building them? What are their functions, what types of them do exist? Now, you will get the answers in a series of articles.
 

THE BEGINNING

Of course, it began at the period of industrialization, when the steam engine, and therefore the locomotive were developed (as of 1804). The first route to be travelled was between Stockton and Darlington in England in 1825 with a locomotive by George Stephenson. At the same time, the team was the first passenger transport on a train being pulled by a locomotive.

They new locomotives had to stop somewhere in order for the passengers to disembark or change trains or for loading or unloading goods.

Often, the first railway station buildings were just inconspicuous shelters next to the railway line – eventually, building the route itself was costly enough.
 

THE EVOLUTION

But soon the railway pioneers were overrun by their success. After commissioning of the first railway between Nuremberg and Fürth in 1835, the new means of transport became the admired pacemaker of industrialisation in the shortest time. Distances dwindled, freight transports accelerated and even the people became more mobile.

In some way, the railway station was the focal point of these new developments. Here the transported goods were transshipped, often they were even traded in – and here also the travellers arrived: civil business people, as well as farmers, who looked for a new fortune in the rapidly growing cities.

Impressive and magnificent railway stations arose. Germany started investing in large railway stations only as of the foundation of the German Reich in 1871. Today, many big-city railway stations are also modern shopping centres, as it is for example the case in Leipzig.

Well, that was the first part. This topic will be continued in the next issue.

All aboard: RAILWAY STATIONS

You have surely been already been at a railway station. It's particularly at the large railway stations where a lot is going on. However, what was the reason for building them? What are their functions, what types of them do exist? Now, you will get the answers in a series of articles.
 

THE BEGINNING

Of course, it began at the period of industrialization, when the steam engine, and therefore the locomotive were developed (as of 1804). The first route to be travelled was between Stockton and Darlington in England in 1825 with a locomotive by George Stephenson. At the same time, the team was the first passenger transport on a train being pulled by a locomotive.

They new locomotives had to stop somewhere in order for the passengers to disembark or change trains or for loading or unloading goods.

Often, the first railway station buildings were just inconspicuous shelters next to the railway line – eventually, building the route itself was costly enough.
 

THE EVOLUTION

But soon the railway pioneers were overrun by their success. After commissioning of the first railway between Nuremberg and Fürth in 1835, the new means of transport became the admired pacemaker of industrialisation in the shortest time. Distances dwindled, freight transports accelerated and even the people became more mobile.

In some way, the railway station was the focal point of these new developments. Here the transported goods were transshipped, often they were even traded in – and here also the travellers arrived: civil business people, as well as farmers, who looked for a new fortune in the rapidly growing cities.

Impressive and magnificent railway stations arose. Germany started investing in large railway stations only as of the foundation of the German Reich in 1871. Today, many big-city railway stations are also modern shopping centres, as it is for example the case in Leipzig.

Well, that was the first part. This topic will be continued in the next issue.